DEIVATHIN KURAL # 136
(Vol # 7) Dated 20 Apr 2014
(These e-mails are translations of talks given by PeriyavãL of
Kanchi Kaamakoti Peetam, over a period of some 60 years while he was the
pontiff in the earlier part of the last century. These have been published by
Vanadi Padippagam, Chennai, in seven volumes of a thousand pages each as
Deivathin Kural. Today we are going ahead from the last paragraph on page No 1048
of Volume 7 of the Tamil original. The readers may note that herein ‘man/he’
includes ‘woman/she’ too mostly. These e-mails are all available at
http://Advaitham.blogspot.com updated continually)
14. You might have heard the story that in
his very young age as a baby that he was given Upadesa by the Sun aka
Surya. He saw the rising sun and thought
it to be a red fruit. So he just pounced
towards the Sun in Surya Mandalam to catch it.
Out of his infinite kindness Surya stopped him at a distance before being
burnt and ionized in to gaseous state! Then
for a few years he kept travelling in space facing the Sun all the time and
learnt everything that Sun could think of as suitable to be taught to this adventurous
boy. Those were not teachings on Gnãna
but, all sorts of Sãstrãs that can be absorbed by brains and intellect. Especially all the Sãstrãs of VyakarNam aka
Grammar were covered. This happened in
his childhood that he came to be known as 'buddhimatãm varishtam' – 'बुद्धिमतां
the best amongst intelligentsia! But that is still cerebral expertise only and
cannot be called Gnãna. Then how did he
become 'gnãninãm agragaNyam' – 'ज्ञानिनां अग्रगण्यं' that is, foremost amongst Gnãnis? Who made him so? Who was his Guru for Brhma Vidya? Only Ãtma Sãstram is Para-Vidya. All other education is known as Apara-Vidya,
Para meaning supreme and Apara meaning other than Supreme. As the Sun God was the Guru for Hanuman for
all Apara-Vidya, who was the Guru for him in Para-Vidya? When did that happen?
15. Ãnjaneya got his Gnãna Upadesam when
the story of Ramayanam had run its full course almost, after Sri Rama's
Pattãbhishekam. That is many years after
he got the Upadesam from the Sun as his Guru.
By then he had done all that he did in service of Sri Rama. He jumped across the land and ocean to Sri
Lanka, successfully located Sita and handed over Sri Rama's ring and the
message, destroyed the Asoka Vana, set fire to the city of Sri Lanka, and then
starting from construction of the Setu aka Bridge across the sea, to fighting
in the battle did many wonderful brave acts.
He had physically destroyed many soldiers of the Rãkshasa Sena in his
first visit to the island kingdom and then in battle royal he literally had a
field day, every day! When his own army
including Rama and Lakshmana were all rendered unconscious by some magical
missile of RavaNa's son Indrajit, he flew to India and brought the Sanjivini
(the whole mountain itself as he couldn't identify the particular herb), to
revive them back to life. Thus all his famous
exploits had been completed. RavaNa had
been killed, and they had all returned to Ayodhya after which many years of
Rama Rajyam had been completed.
16. Ãnjaneya had completely surrendered
his self in the service of Sri Rama. It
is then that he got Gnãna Upadesam.
Naturally a question arises as to how, having surrendered his all to Sri
Rama, how could he have gone in search of some Guru? He didn't leave Sri Rama in search of a Guru
but, got Upadesa from Sri Rama directly.
Normally we are aware of their relationship as the Lord and the Servant
and as Swami and Bhakta. Now we are
seeing them from a different angle as Guru and Sishya! Sri Rama is not just any other human being,
but the True Being of Sat-Chit-Anandam and Ãnjaneya on the other hand is perfection
personified! Just to think of both of
them together as Guru and Sishya is highly meritorious!
the one hand is the fact that Swami, who was known as Raja Raman conducting
himself as the Emperor so exemplarily with Dharma as the governing principle
that till day we adoringly call it Rama Rajyam, on the other hand is the truth
that he was also the King of Gnãna Rajyam, imparting Upadesa on Gnãna to
others. His father-in-law Janaka was
also famous as a Raja Rishi. So the
son-in-law was also like the father-in-law only, on the one side a great King
and administrator, and on the other side an all knowing Gnãna Sreshta Rishi;
elaborating on Vedanta!
18. He not only gave Upadesa to Hanuman
but, that day he also imparted Upadesa to all the Rishis of the world. Those Rishis were aware that he was an
Avatara of NãrãyaNã. They also knew that
his very Avatara happened to come about for the destruction of RavaNa and other
Rãkshasãs like him. That job known as 'Dushta
Nigraham' – 'दुष्ट निग्रहं'
was over and he was ruling as the king. Then
he was conducting himself and his governance in a most judicious and fair
manner for the common man to emulate as the
ideal and that is known as 'Sishta Paripãlanam' – 'शिष्ट
That was also a job of the Avatara, the second in order. With that they added a third job of the
Avatara and that is what we are discussing now.
anything like a book or project or programme, there is a Preamble or
Introduction and then there is the body of the project and then there is a
conclusion, isn't it? In our Vedic
tradition we have 'Poorvãngam' – 'पूर्वाङ्गं' and 'Uttarãngam' – 'उत्तराङ्गं'. The Uttarãngam
may also include the conclusion. In Vedic Sampradãya,
first we have to run our lives sensibly keeping our individual and social
Dharma in view and while doing so, after attaining some maturity, endeavour for
eventual understanding and comprehension of Brhmam and Gnãna beyond all
relative knowledge. In that process
there are six levels for which there are six Sãstrãs known as 'Shat-Darsanam' –
in which the first one in the
first Darsanam is 'Dharma Jignãsã' – 'धर्म
That is the desire to know as to what is Dharma or the right thing to do
on various occasions. Thus Poorva-Meemãmsa
is the preamble. Then is the desire to
know as to what is Brhmam and that is Uttara Meemãmsa. Poorva Meemãmsa came to be known as just
Meemãmsa and Uttara Meemãmsa came to be known as Vedãntam, in which the first
one is Karma or action oriented and the second basically one of self-analysis
20. After the destruction of the
Rãkshasãs, Sri Rama's first Avatara Kãryam of 'Dushta Nigraham' was over. Then after Pattãbhishekam for a number of
years of functioning as the King, his second Avatara Kãryam of 'Sishta Paripãlanam'
was also over. Those days the kings were
having the authority of judiciary, administration, defence and maintenance of
law and order all rolled in to one in their hands. So now, all the Rishis of the world collected
at Ayodhya to enable him to complete the last of the purpose of coming in to
being as an Avatara. Please note that
those Rishis of yore were subtly equipped to see through any secret, whatever
may be the number of veils hiding the truth.
They were aware of the fact that Sri Rama was a Parama Gnãni intrinsically
and only play acted as a normal human being.
Some time he was anger personified and on occasions he was crying like a
most distraught person, asking every stone, tree or a bend in the river as to
where is Sita! They knew that all that
was play acting as Rama Leela! Inwardly as
SaguNa Roopa he was Maha Vishnu and further as NirguNa Roopa he was the
omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent Lord God in human form! So though they were all already Brhma Gnãnis,
they were keen on Upadesa from the very source of our existence, that can only
add to their credit and make them all Jivan Mukta while still alive as human
beings! So they made a collective
request to bless them all with his Upadesa.
21. Sri Rama was also keen to do so
because, as the proverb says, 'nãn pertra inbam peruga ivvaiyagam' – 'நான் பேற்ற இன்பம் பெறுக
இவ்வையகம்', meaning that 'the pleasures
that I received, let me share with the whole world', is the intention. Rama is the very form of Brhma Vidya; ever
thriving naturally in the Brhma Ãnanda of Satchitãnandam. He did not have to learn it from
anybody. But still, when he has come on
this earth in human form, he has to do all that as a model to be emulated by
others isn't it? So he enacted the scene
in which he also learned the Brhma Vidya from a Guru. In the very young age, he learnt all Vidyas
from Vasishta in his Guru Kulam, including Dhanur Veda that is Archery. At
that time itself he had also learnt the basics of Brhma Vidya that is Vedãntam.
Still his thirst for Brhma Vidya was not
satisfied. Then just before proceeding
with Lakshmana to enable Vishwãmitra to conduct his Yagas without being
interfered by Asuras and eventual arrival at Videha and marriage to Sita; he
was given Brhma Vidya Upadesa by Vasishta.
22. The Upadesa by Vasishta at that time
is available even today as a book, like an authority on the subject, known as
Gnãna Vãsishtam, or Yoga Vãsishtam that is also available in Tamil simply as
'Vãsittam' or 'Gnãna Vãsittam' – 'ஞான வாசிட்டம்'! Instead of calling it a book of Yoga, it is
more correct to call it a book of Gnãna.
All the paths of Sãdhana are also said to be Yoga mãrga in the sense it
leads to the oneness of Jivãtma with Paramãtma in the end. Still the word Yoga is more applicable to
Patanjali's Ashtãnga Yoga – the Eight Part Yoga. But this Gnãna Vãsishtam is more closely
applicable to Adwaita Gnãna Sãdhana only.
23. There is a generally accepted social
injunction that a Vidya that a person learns, instead of vanishing with him
should be taught to at least four other persons. Besides that, the one who has so learnt
something new would also like to teach it to some worthy students so that, the
idea continues even after his death. Sri
Rama also had this urge, as one of his Avatãra Kãryam was to open the gates of
Gnãna Mãrga and keep it open, for future aspirants. Sri Rama was keeping that urge under control
till Rama – RavaNa Yuddham was done with and he was happily managing his royal
duties. But slowly but steadily this urge
was looking for opportunities to out itself.
As the most opportune moment arrived, the Rishis were also at his
24. Still Sri Rama was too full of the
quality of Vinaya, that he felt diffident of playing the role of Instructor
being a Kshatriya that too younger in age to all those Brahmin Ãchãryãs much
older to him and well qualified and experienced! As per their wish he should be talking about
Brhma Vidya so as to strengthen and harden their knowledge of Brhma
NirvãNa. At the same time, he felt that
he should not be directly giving them Upadesa.
Then he suddenly remembered Ãnjaneya.
'He is one who has completely mastered his senses and mind. He lives a life without any iota of
selfishness for the sake of others.
Without a life of his own, he has completely dedicated his everything in
my service and as result even if he never knows anything about Gnãnam will
attain to the 'Gnãna Lakshya' of Moksham alright. But why not make him aware of Gnãnam, Gnãna
Marga and Upadesa for Gnãna? Of course
those without much power of Buddhi need not waste their time and effort in
trying to understand the Gnãna Marga.
For them surrender alone would do, as he has done already. But he happens to be a great specimen of
intelligentsia. It is best that I should
have him as the main Sishya and let others overhear the dialog. There cannot be a better deserved
'Sat-Sishya' than him also. In the
bargain let other saints and sages also benefit. So I shall give Brhma Vidya Upadesa to
Hanuman', decided Sri Rama.
25. If in the childhood of Ãnjaneya it was
Surya Bhagawan who instructed him on Apara Vidya, in the older age as Acharya
for Para Vidya it was Surya Kula Tilakam Sri Rama as his Acharya. It is that Rama again in his Moola Roopa as
Maha Vishnu, who had given Upadesa on Para Vidya. This fact has been clarified by Sri Krishna
in Gita in the chapter named Gnãna Vibhãga Yoga (4.1) when he says,
विवश्वते योगं प्रोक्तवानहमव्ययं |
imam vivashvate yogam proktavãnahamavyayam |
मनवे प्राह मनुरिक्ष्वाकवेsब्रवीत
prãha manurikshvãkave abraveet || The
Blessed Lord said, 'I taught this imperishable Yoga to Vivasvãn, he told it to
Manu and Manu proclaimed it to Ikshvãku.
Vivasvãn means the Sun. Then the
teaching goes to Manu, the first of all human beings and from him the Upadesa
passed on to Ikshvãku the reputed ancestor of the Solar Dynasty aka Surya Kula!'
26. It means that, Ãnjaneya got Para
Vidya Upadesa from the Moola Guru of his earlier Guru, Surya from whom he obtained
the Upadesa on Apara Vidya (of being worldly wise) which made him 'Bhuddhimatãm
Varishtam' and the second one from Sri Rama (his Guru's Guru) made him
'Gnãninãm AgragaNyam'! If there is a cow
it gives milk to many. But to motivate
the cow to gush forth with milk there has to be calf near it. Similar is the milk of human kindness, the
Upadesa from a Guru. When there is a
worthy Sishya, there will be outpouring of Upadesa and everybody else can also benefit!
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