KURAL # 108 (Vol # 7) Dated 18 Feb 2014
(These e-mails are translations of talks given by PeriyavãL of
Kanchi Kaamakoti Peetam, over a period of some 60 years while he was the
pontiff in the earlier part of the last century. These have been published by
Vanadi Padippagam, Chennai, in seven volumes of a thousand pages each as
Deivathin Kural. Today we are going ahead from page No 822 of Volume 7 of the
Tamil original. The readers may note that herein ‘man/he’ includes ‘woman/she’
too mostly. These e-mails are all available at http://Advaitham.blogspot.com
13. Thus Brhma was involved in work alien
to his nature such as Paripãlanam and Management other than creation, that he
was suffering in the bargain. So, he had
a huge population of Yadavas and cattle, which he did not know how to manage or
dispose of. Whereas Sri Krishna from the
time he was a baby had killed many Asuras.
Brhma did not have that capability of Samhãra either or did not like
killing as the Creator! That is the time
when he realised that though he is considered as one of the Threesome known as
Holy Trinity or 'Trimurthy' – 'त्रिमूर्थि' of Brhma, Vishnu and Maheshwara; he was no patch on his
father's that is, Vishnu's aka Sri Krishna's capabilities. Even the power to create is what had been
endowed by his father only. 'My father is
not under any delusion of Mãyã whatsoever.
He is the Lord under whose orders Mãyã plays its role. Without understanding all this, it was me who
was under the influence of Mãyã', he realised.
With that awakening to reality, he brought back all of those whom he had
abducted and surrendered them unto Sri Krishna, praising him by Stotras
profusely, begging his pardon!
14. When Brhma faulted thus when he
abducted so many cattle and Yadavas, this Sri Krishna who let him stew in his
own juice like this, without even caring that he is his own son; is the one for
absolute fairness in all his dealings, totally dispassionately. Thinking about all this Indira realised that,
Naraka Asura can be killed only by Sri Krishna uncaring for the relationship of
Father and Son! But noting the fact that
from the day one of his birth, his major job has been to kill Rãkshasãs, Indira
delayed his approach to Sri Krishna for sorting out Naraka Asura. After Kamsa had been killed and chasing away
Jarasandha, Sri Krishna had established Dwaraka Puri and was leading a sort of life
of leisure. Then fighting with the clan
of Rukmini's relatives, he married her. Then he married Satya Bãmã and many
others. During all that also there were
many fights. Then there was a period of
living peacefully observing his Nitya Karma Anushtãna as a Gruhasta, pleasantly
spending his time in household affairs.
It was then that Indira came to Sri Krishna and complained about Naraka
Naraka Asura Vadam; Satyabãmã's Contribution
15. After due deliberation Sri Krishna
called for his Vãhanam, Garuda (the Eagle) and got on it with Satyabãmã
accompanying him, departed for Prãg Jyotish Puram. The reason for taking her along is due to the
fact that she is an embodiment of Bhumãdevi.
Amongst RukmiNi, Sri Devi, Bãmã, and Bhumãdevi, we think that it is RukmiNi
who is full of noble qualities and view Bãmã as being too self-conceited. Bhagawan also play acting as though he is too
supportive of Bãmã, in the end is said to have caused Bãmã to 'eat humble pie',
as per some of the stories about them.
But on this occasion, he took her along to demonstrate her good
qualities to be known to the world. That
as a father he had the courage of convictions to kill his own misbehaving son
is not much to be surprised about. More
than that it is rare for a mother to have that sort of character that she could
feel that despite being her son he should be killed when he proves to be a
great villain for the world. To
demonstrate that Satyabãmã had it in her, he took her with him on Garuda.
16. There have been many women of great
strength of character who have fought for Dharma from time immemorial till
date, like Ahalya Bhai and Jhansi Ki Rani.
Kaikeyi had worked as the Charioteer for Dasarata when he went to fight
Sambarasura. There is no mention
anywhere of Kausalya ever going to the battle field. She was too humble and self-contented. So also was RukmiNi, who was never taken to
the battle field. It was the youngster
Bãmã who was rather like Kaikeyi in her demeanour that Sri Krishna took in his
Vãhanam. There is also a different
version that she was the charioteer. The
very embodiment of tolerance, the Earth itself was unable to tolerate the
inhuman and cruel behaviour of many so called kings and hence took the form of
Mother Cow and prayed to Maha Vishnu to get rid of these people. That was the cause of Krishna Avatara. In it, in addition to sorting out of Kamsa,
Sisupala, Jarasandha and Dhuryodana, both Sri Krishna and Satya Bãmã as father and
mother respectively, went to sort out this Naraka Asura, together as a couple!
17. Naraka was living in Prãg Jyotish
Puram with a number of forts such as, one made of mountains in the outer
periphery, then a fort of all sorts of weapons, one of water that had been held
up by the power of mantras that it will pour like floods of apocalypse and wash
away the intruder. Then there was a fort of fire and one of air held in
readiness to burn off or blow off anyone trying to enter inside! Bhagawan Sri Krishna entered blowing to
smithereens each of those forts nonchalantly blowing on his Pancha Janya Conch,
calling for the Asura to come out and fight.
First it was Mura the Senãpathy with five heads, who came out to fight
and fought well indeed with great valour.
Sri Krishna cut off all his heads with his Sudarsana Chakra.
18. As Garuda is the Vãhanam of Maha
Vishnu, the Sudarsana Chakra is his weapon, Pancha Janya his conch and
Kaumodaki his mace. It is only in
Krishna Avatara that he carried and made use of all these characteristic
weapons and accoutrements, which he did not do in other Avataras including the
one as Sri Rama. That is why, Krishna
Avatara is known as 'PoorNa Avatara' meaning a complete Avatara of Maha
Vishnu. Because he defeated Mura, he
came to be known as Murãri and Murahari, as the enemy of Mura and as the
destroyer of Mura, he gets the name of Mura + Ari = Murãri. Exactly the same way as the enemy of Asuras
in three different places or Puras, Easwara got the name of Tripurãri. After Mura, seven of the sons of Naraka came
to fight and met with the same fate.
Finally Naraka himself came riding an elephant with a huge army of
19. Riding the Garuda, like a drone of
the modern day battle field, Bhagawan fought with them in which both Garuda and
Satyabãmã had their role to play. Though
he was capable of doing everything himself, he enabled them also to justify
their presence. Once all his army had
been smashed, there was a direct fight between Naraka Asura and Sri Krishna
Bhagawan. From the day time the fight
continued during the night. More than
the day in the night time, the power of the Asuras increase. Still as Paramãtma he withstood the onslaught
of Naraka. Finally in the early morning
hours of AruNodayam, Bhagawan did Samhãra of Naraka. That morning was like a new awakening for the
whole world. This happened in the month
of Ashwin on the 14th day of the Krishna Paksha. The next day was Amãvasya.
20. Ashwin month is also called the
'Aswiyujam' – 'अस्वियुजम्'. From the Pratama the next day after Amãvasya
in the month of Purattãsi as per our Tamil calendar, commences the month of
Aswiyujam going on for the next about 30 days.
In that month on Krishna Paksha Chathurdasi is the Naraka Asura
Vadam. The Krishna Paksha Chaturdasi,
the 14th day is very important as the favourite day for Parameswarã also as the
monthly 'Siva Rãtri' – 'शिव रात्रि'. The Siva Rãtri
in the month of Mãsi is what is known famously as Maha Siva Rãtri. It is in the Aippasi month Siva Rãtri that
Sri Krishna Bhagawan had to fight the whole night for the destruction of Naraka
Asura. There is also a belief that it is
Satya Bãmã who killed Naraka Asura.
Whatever it is both of them despite being the parents, were happy in
ridding the world of the evil Naraka, is the point to note.
21. As per one version, at the time of death
Naraka Asura, he is said to have prayed that the day of his death should be
celebrated all over the world as a festival of happiness. Out of all such celebrations the most
auspicious is Ganga Snãnam. Whatever the
water used wherever, by people on that day should get the intrinsic value of
Ganga Snãnam was his request. As per
another version of the story such a request is said to have been made by
Bhumãdevi. As I said earlier, when dying
directly at the hands of the Paramãtma himself and attaining to the very
Sãyujya Mukti, it is not so remarkable for him to have made such a request of
absolute universal wellbeing. But for the
mother of Naraka Asura, to have made such a request seems very meritorious
indeed. In retribution for so many years
that he had made people of all the worlds to cry in agony, she requested that
his being erased from the face of the earth should be celebrated as an happy
occasion for eternity.
22. With Bhumãdevi's Avatara Satyabãmã
herself assisting in the battle, it may look odd that Bhumãdevi separately brought
many of the symbolical items that had been whacked away by Naraka and submitted
them to Sri Krishna, such as Indira's white Royal Umbrella and Kundalam worn by
his mother Atiti and made such requests.
It seems that when an Avatara comes, it does not mean that the root
causal Deity of that Avatara ceases to exist.
Our ÃchãryãL was an Avatara of Parameswara. Still in Kailãsa he had darsan of Easwara and
got those five idols of Siva Lingam, from Easwara himself, isn't it? In Bhagawatam itself, there is an episode in
which Sri Krishna goes with Arjuna to Vishnu Loka representing a Brahmin
gentleman whose children had died, to retrieve the dead children and meets the
Narayana Murthy in Sesha Sayanam and they discuss the pros and cons of such an
action. Similarly simultaneously
Satyabãmã and Bhumãdevi were in two different forms at the very same point in
space and time. It is this special
request by Bhumãdevi that on the day of the death of her son, people all over
the world should get the benefit of Ganga Snãnam is the reason that we do Ganga
Snãnam till now on that day!
23. When relatives die we take a bath as a
tradition. If anything ends or is discontinued
we tend to say, "No more. I have
taken a dip", don't we? So that for
generations we may remember that Naraka Asura did everyone a favour by
vanishing from the scene, his mother has ensured that we take a dip every
year. But this is not a dip taken in
sorrow or disgust. She has intended it
to be an oil bath as a MangaLa Snãnam.
For all other deaths and before starting a ceremonial ritual for a Yãga
or Pooja, it is done in cold water. But
this is a happy occasion, isn't it? So
she has taken a Vara from Sri Krishna that it should be a hot water bath after
applying oil all over the body. The
month of Aippasi is cold and rainy season.
In that period if we take an oil bath in cold water, we will catch cold
and get fever. We will end up cursing
Naraka Asura. That is why it has been
made body friendly and conveniently comfortable.
24. One more innovation! Normally this oil-bath known as 'abhyanganam'
– 'अभ्यङगनं', is not
to be taken before Sun-rise. But
contrary to that general rule special permission and approval has been taken
from God as a Vara, so that we may thank him for making it comfortable and
think of him especially, as a special and rare occasion as wished for by
Bhumãdevi. That is why on that one day
in the whole year, we may have oil-bath in hot water, before even the sun-rise,
as approved by Sri Krishna himself!
Labels: posted by Lt Col KTSV Sarma