DEIVATHIN KURAL # 30 (Vol # 7) Dated 24 Aug 2013
(These e-mails are translations of talks
given by PeriyavãL of Kanchi Kaamakoti Peetam, over a period of some 60 years
while he was the pontiff in the earlier part of the last century. These have
been published by Vanadi Padippagam, Chennai, in seven volumes of a thousand
pages each as Deivathin Kural. Today we are going ahead from page No 208 of
Volume 7 of the Tamil original. The readers may note that herein ‘man/he’
includes ‘woman/she’ too mostly. These e-mails are all available at
http://Advaitham.blogspot.com updated continually)
292. Commenting on the two Upanishads'
remarks about the so called Self Styled Intellectuals who claim their own
selves to be Dheera-s and Pundits as 'janganyamãNã:' meaning those who go every
which way and 'tantramyamãna' meaning those who use all sorts of tricks, our
ÃchãryãL says, "Such people other than going astray themselves are the
cause of affecting young people's minds too", ticking them off and partly
regretting the state of affairs! Not
arriving at any conclusion or end, like the bulls tied to a grinder-stone or
water-pump of yore; they keep going round and round or up and down, repeatedly
ad nauseam, with no end in sight!
Sankara has commented on their, this pathetic condition of perplexity
and giddiness as 'vibhramanti' – 'विभ्रमन्ति'.
293. The one to guide you directly on to
the path towards the destination is the real Guru. These fake Pundits without coming to the aim
keep roaming about in some imaginary world of their own. Such self-styled renegades of the past who
kept fabricating flimsy facades and suffered are their fictitious ideals to be
quoted as being equally independent models!
This has been described by the Upanishads as the 'blind leading the
blind' to their dooms, reflected exactly like a photo-copy in the Bible! To follow these No-Guru-characters a whole
series of such rebels will come in to being who will create the tradition of
No-Tradition! All this talk came about
because, for self-realization it is not enough if one were to understand and
absorb the meaning of what the Maha-Vãkyãs convey, all by oneself using all the
abilities that one can muster and command!
Such people who think themselves to be highly knowledgeable are declared
to be 'panditam manyamãnã: moodã:' – 'पण्डितं
मन्यमाना: मूढा:' by both the
Upanishads, meaning that they are 'Idiots'!
Our ÃchãryãL has said the same thing (in the third declension or
Vibhakti that the word undergoes) in his Bhashyam as 'pandita mãnibhi: moodai'
– 'पण्डित मानिभि: मूढै:' meaning in other words though
claiming themselves to be great scholars, they are simply-self-styled idiots!
our ÃchãryãL talks about some of the pseudo philosophers of those times who
like the 'vãi vedãntigaL' – 'வாய் வேதாந்திகள்' of the present day world, used to say,
"What is the need for a Guru? If we
analyse the Maha Vãkyãs of the Upanishads with a clean heart and mind,
understanding and comprehension should be automatically accruing". He asks the question on behalf of such people, 'anta:karaNa
samsuddhena swayam gnãnam prakãsate | veda vaakyai: ata: kim?' – 'अन्त: करण संशुद्धेन स्वयम् ज्ञानं प्रकाशते
| वेद वाक्यै: अत: किं?'! Then
he answers this question with, 'iti na sãmpradam' – 'इति न सांप्रदं'. That reply 'इति न सांप्रदं'
means that, "Making such a statement is not very appropriate!" It means that it is rather daft!
295. It is not
very sensible or reasonable to say that we can understand the Maha Vãkyãs on
our own, because, for us the Vedas are the way, evidence, logic and
authority. Vedas say through the
Upanishad that 'Ãchãryavãn that is, the one who has a Guru only, gets to know
the truth' and saying this, our ÃchãryãL quotes the relevant portions of the
Vedas in evidence. Those people will
still insist, "Why do we need the Vedas?
Our own mind and conscience are the authority." I do not know as to how to make them
convinced by speaking any logic at their own level of 'paguthtu arivu' – 'பகுத்து
அறிவு' of which they tend to be much proud of. Come to think of it what I am talking is
also 'பகுத்து அறிவு' only of 'discerning through
differentiation'! Anyhow, for our
ÃchãryãL Vedas as a whole is the primary authority. For him it is as important as one's breath. With extreme love and respect he says in one
place in his Bhashyams as explanatory notes on the Vedas, represented as the
Mother Veda Mãtã, 'mãtru pitru sahasrebhyobhi: hitaishiNã Veda:' – 'मातृ पिथ्रु सहस्रेभ्योभि: हितैषिणा
वेद:', meaning that 'She, Veda Mãtã does more good than a thousand
Fathers and Mothers'! He always insisted
and emphasised on the value of 'Upadesa through a Guru'.
Veda PramãNa, Other Religions
296. If you ask as to why should we
accept the Vedas as the authority and why not one's own mind and conscience,
the only answer that I can give is that, only in this religion of Sanatana
Dharma made up of those who believed in the Vedas as the authority, have there
been so many great Mahatmas as a continuous line like a chain, from times
immemorial of thousands of years till date!
Even when one or two other religions sprouted in this country and seemed
to be great or even if you accept that they were really great, our ÃchãryãL Ãdi
Sankara clearly proved that their doctrine was fallacious and caused them to
leave the shores of India or reduced them to a pathetic minority, isn't
it? As time went on, those religions too
have drawn much from this religion based on the Vedas and made a mix of their
own points of principles and are far different from what was originally as
avowed by their founders.
297. Though their founders claimed,
"One's own brain, buddhi or mind is the authority. There is no need for a Guru or any outside
agency to lord over you and give you advices or Upadesa", those who
followed them have made a Guru out of them and have written books of
unquestionable and unassailable authority.
Whatever the religion, like a constitution for the government of a
country, in each religion there are such scriptures commanding absolute
authority! Those religions exist as
unique only based on such authoritative scriptures to which every member of
such religions humbly submit and accept.
Then there have been quotable quotes from those followers who command
the same respect as Gurus of those religions, isn't it? That has enabled many of their followers to
have some unique high experience raising them to the level of leaders in their
own religions, which is the cause of continued sustenance and growth of those
298. Still it can be proved with
statistics that there have been whole array of greats in this Sanãtana Dharma as
nowhere else of Rishis, Munis, Gnãnis, Yogis, Raja Yoga / Mantra Yoga Siddha
Purushas and enormous hordes of simple, disciplined multitudes of devotees, who
have had the highest of experience through the simple path of Bhakti! Then there have been an enormous profusion of
books of infinite numbers, detailing subtle methods for each and every
individual which continue to be produced, while still strictly abiding with the
dictates of the Sãstrãs. To top it all,
it is this religion more than any other which has clearly delineated a plethora
of step by step methods to be followed by every ardent aspirant, detailing a
path for his particular progress, custom-made so to say known as 'Sãdhana
Marga', without hurting any other soul, still based on the Sãstrãs while
remaining true to the Vedas! All this
has been based on the foundation of accepting Vedas as the authority! What more logic or analysis do we need? Let us also whole heartedly accept the Vedas
as PramãNa and follow it simply submissively.
That is what occurs to my mind as the best way.
Shraddha towards the Vedas and Guru
299. Somewhere along the way, I mentioned
one thing important. If we hand over
this mind of ours to some authority with trust, faith and discipline, that very
act can give us the highest experience.
For all those elaborate words there is one simple word known as
'Shraddha'. To have Shraddha in Vedas, Sãstrãs that are
based on the Vedas and the Guru who quotes fluently from them; that one act or
attitude from the aspirant is enough and nothing more is required. Yes, we know everything in world by our
Buddhi, which is one word inclusive of brains, intelligence, memory and ability to process and
analyse. But it is that Buddhi that
stands as a block in our understanding of the inner world! That is how AmbãL has meant it to be.
Though we are being tested like that, the solution is simple. That Buddhi has to be given the sane advice,
"You are alright for all practical purposes as far as dealing with this
world is concerned. When it comes to the
inner world and understanding of the reality of our inner being, you have
neither the authority nor any responsibility or role to play! That inner world's details are as per what
God has given in the Vedas and Sãstrãs as revealed to Rishis the
Seers! You are permitted to read, absorb and
understand the Sãstrãs to the extent you can and that is all!"
To tell us this, the system, nature, or God, call it whatever, has
ordained for such great Mahatmas, Ãchãryãs and Maha Purushas to come among our
midst in our lives as a Guru!
300. To lay our Buddhi prostrate is SaraNãgati.
To make it clear to our own minds symbolically only the act of doing 'Sãshtãnga
Namaskãra' – 'साष्टाङ्ग नमस्कार' has been evolved. Eight parts of the body in the case of males and five parts of
the body in the case of females are to touch the ground. In that, the most important part to be
brought down from its high-altitude and attitude is the head! The Sãstrãs lay down the rules to which
we have to lay ourselves down! You have
heard of the Tamil word 'keezh padidal' – 'கீழ் படிதல்', that is what
it is. For that
inner submissiveness to Vedas and to God as the main message of the Vedas, the
outer indication is this act of Namaskãra.
When you do Namaskãra to others, you are indicating your submissiveness
– 'keezh padidal' – 'கீழ் படிதல்' not to any man on earth but to the
God in him!
301. Here there
is no work for the brain, ego and Ahankãra.
Instead there is trust, faith and belief known as Shraddha. When there is a heat wave, we know it and so
do we know when there is cold breeze blowing.
With such certainty and clarity we should know that in the unseen world
of inner dynamics of Ãtma Loka, what Vedas say is the Truth, not meant for anyone's
individual unfair advantage but one's own individual spiritual progress. This certainty is Shraddha. If we take that Shraddha as the capital
input, it will take us to the state of implicit obedience known as SaraNãgati
of complete கீழ் படிதல், where there is no work for our
Buddhi and no place for any more questions!
(KTSV adds: - Vibhishana surrendered to Rama before the battle between
Sri Rama and RavaNa was enjoined. There,
it is worthwhile to read other's reaction and Ãnjaneya response. Within the Sanãtana Dharma the Vaishnavites
give much importance to this idea of Surrender known by the term 'Prapatti'. Amongst other religions, a lot of importance
to this principle of surrender is given in Islam.)
Labels: posted by Lt Col KTSV Sarma